Aaron Ward II DD-483 - Histoire

Aaron Ward II DD-483 - Histoire


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Aaron Ward II.

(DD-483 : dp. 2 060 ; 1. 348'4" ; n. 36'1", dr. 13'6", s. 35 k., cpl. 208; a. 4 5", 4 1,1", 5 20 mm., 5 21" tt., 2 act., 6 dcp.; cl. Gleaves)

Le deuxième Aaron Ward (DD - 483) a été posé le 11 février 1941 à Kearny N.J., par la Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Co., lancé le 22 novembre 1941, parrainé par Miss Hilda Ward, fille du regretté contre-amiral Ward; et commandé le 4 mars 1942, le Comdr. Orville F. Gregor aux commandes.

Après son shakedown hors de Casco Bay, dans le Maine, et sa disponibilité après le shakedown au New York Navy Yard, Aaron Ward a navigué pour le Pacifique le 20 mai 1942 et a traversé le canal de Panama jusqu'à San Diego. Peu de temps après, alors que la bataille de Midway se développait vers l'ouest, le destroyer opérait dans l'écran de la Task Force (TF) 1 du vice-amiral William S. Pye, construit autour de sept cuirassés et du navire d'escorte Long Island (AVG -1) alors qu'il pénétrait dans l'océan Pacifique - atteignant finalement un point situé à quelque 1 200 milles à l'ouest de San Francisco et également au nord-est d'Hawaï - pour « soutenir les opérations en cours contre l'ennemi ». Avec le détachement de Long Island du groupe de travail le 17 juin, Aaron Ward l'a projeté sur son voyage de retour à San Diego.

Après des opérations locales au large de la côte ouest, Aaron Ward a navigué pour Hawaï le 30 juin 1942 et s'est ensuite rendu aux îles Tonga avec la TF 18. Affecté à des fonctions d'escorte peu de temps après, il a convoyé le pétrolier Cimarron (AO 22) à Nouméa. Au cours du voyage, il établit deux contacts solides, l'un le 5 août et l'autre le lendemain, qu'il développe et attaque avec des grenades sous-marines. Bien qu'elle ait réclamé un naufrage probable dans chaque cas, ni l'un ni l'autre « tuer » n'a été confirmé dans la comptabilité d'après-guerre. Par la suite affecté à des tâches de contrôle avec les forces cherchant à couvrir et à ravitailler Guadalcanal, Aaron Ward a vu le porte-avions Wasp (CV-7) torpillé par 1-19 le 15 septembre 1942.

Moins d'un mois plus tard, Aaron Ward était affecté à une mission de bombardement à terre le 17 octobre. Elle se tenait sur Lunga Roads à 7 h 17 ce jour-là pour mentir et attendre l'arrivée d'un officier de liaison maritime qui désignerait des cibles pour le navire. Avant de pouvoir embarquer des passagers, cependant, elle a repéré cinq bombardiers ennemis s'approchant de l'ouest. Ceux-ci ont attaqué Aaron Ward vers 7 h 24, mais se sont heurtés à un puissant barrage antiaérien provenant à la fois du navire et des canons marins à terre. Le destroyer avançait à vitesse de flanc lorsqu'il incitait les assaillants à effectuer des manœuvres d'évitement et à éviter que les bombes en chute ne se balancent radicalement à droite ou à gauche selon l'occasion. Trois bombes ont éclaboussé 100 à 300 mètres à l'arrière du navire. Les marines ont revendiqué la destruction de deux des cinq attaquants, tandis que le navire et les marines ont partagé un troisième « tuer ».

L'action terminée, le destroyer s'est arrêté sur Lunga Roads à 08h00 et a embarqué Martin Clemens, l'ancien représentant consulaire britannique à Guadalcanal, le major C.M. Nees, USMC, et le caporal R. M. Howard USMC un photographe, et s'est mis en route peu de temps après, atteignant sa zone cible en 40 minutes. Pendant trois heures, Aaron Ward a bombardé les positions côtières japonaises, ses cibles allant d'un emplacement de canon à des décharges de munitions ; des incendies, de la fumée et des explosions ont marqué sa visite alors qu'elle quittait la région. Atteignant Lunga Roads à 12 h 16, il débarqua ses passagers et après s'être mis en alerte pour un raid aérien japonais qui ne s'est pas matérialisé, il a dégagé le canal de Lengo et a rejoint son groupe de travail.

Trois jours plus tard, alors qu'il effectuait à nouveau des opérations de filtrage, Aaron Ward a vu le croiseur lourd Chester (CA-27) être touché par une torpille le 20 octobre. Le destroyer est allé au secours du croiseur sinistré et a largué une charge de profondeur complète sur l'assaillant de Chester (1-1 76), mais est revenu les mains vides. Elle a ensuite escorté le navire endommagé jusqu'à Espiritu Santo.

Dix jours après sa chasse avortée pour 1-176, Aaron Ward a effectué un autre bombardement des positions japonaises sur Guadalcanal, cette fois en compagnie du croiseur léger Atlanta (CL-51) le vaisseau amiral du contre-amiral Norman Scott (commandant, Task Group ( TG) 64.4), et les destroyers Benham (DD-397), Fletcher (DD - 45) et Lardner (DD-487). Arrivé au large de Lunga Point à 5 h 20 le 30 octobre, le groupe de travail est intervenu et Atlanta a embarqué un officier de liaison du major-général Alexander A. Vandegrift, commandant de la 1 division de marine, 20 minutes plus tard.

En route vers sa zone désignée, le TG 64.4 atteignit sa destination en une heure et à 6 h 29, le vaisseau amiral de l'amiral Scott ouvrit le feu. Aaron Ward a emboîté le pas peu de temps après; finalement, avant de cesser le feu à 08h40, elle a dépensé 711 cartouches de 5 pouces. S'arrêtant brièvement pour enquêter sur un sous-marin signalé dans les environs, Aaron Ward a ensuite dégagé la zone peu avant 0900, sa mission terminée.

Aaron Ward a contrôlé des transports déchargeant des hommes et du matériel au large de Guadalcanal les 11 et 12 novembre, réclamant un avion ennemi et endommageant deux autres le premier jour et deux autres avions au large de Lunga Point le second.

À 18h30 le 12 novembre, Aaron Ward a pris sa retraite avec son groupe de travail dans une direction vers l'est. Plus tard encore, la force, cinq croiseurs et huit destroyers, commandée par le contre-amiral Daniel J. Callaghan, a fait marche arrière et a reculé dans le chenal de Lengo. Vers 1 h 30 le 13 novembre, les navires américains qui possédaient un radar ont capté de nombreux contacts sur leurs écrans - la "Volunteer Attack Force" du contre-amiral Hiroaki Abe, qui se composait de deux cuirassés, d'un croiseur léger et de 14 destroyers.

Aaron Ward, à la tête des quatre destroyers qui fermaient l'arrière de la colonne de Callaghan, se rangea sur les navires japonais avec son radar FD à 01h45 ouvrant le feu peu de temps après sur une cible qu'elle prit pour un cuirassé. Peu de temps après, après que le navire ait tiré environ 10 salves, il a vu que les croiseurs devant lui avaient apparemment changé de cap, arrêtant et faisant reculer les deux moteurs à 01 h 55, Aaron Ward a observé deux torpilles passer sous elle.

Un instant plus tard, Barton (DD-599), à proximité, a explosé. Elle s'est préparée à tirer des torpilles sur une cible à bâbord, mais ne l'a pas fait parce qu'elle a aperçu un navire qu'elle a pris pour être le Sar Francisco (CA 38) à 1 500 mètres. À 0204, observant ce qu'il croyait être un Sterett (DD 407) se dirigeant directement vers son côté bâbord, Aaron Ward a avancé à vitesse de flanc et a placé son gouvernail sur bâbord pour éviter une collision.

Peu de temps après, le destroyer a commencé à tirer sur un navire ennemi et a lancé quelque 25 salves dans sa direction; sa cible a peut-être été le destroyer japonais Akatsuki, qui a explosé et coulé, prenant toutes les mains avec elle. Changeant de cap pour s'attaquer à une nouvelle cible dans la mêlée, Aaron Ward réussit à tirer quatre salves sur le contrôle du directeur jusqu'à ce qu'un obus japonais mette le directeur hors de combat et oblige les artilleurs du destroyer à s'appuyer sur le contrôle local.

Dans les minutes qui ont suivi, Aaron Ward a reçu huit autres coups directs, incapable d'identifier l'ami de l'ennemi et certain que l'ennemi avait sûrement établi son caractère américain, le destroyer s'est alors démarqué pour dégager la zone. Elle a perdu le contrôle de la direction à 02 h 25 et, en pilotant avec ses moteurs, a tenté de virer à droite. Ne voyant plus aucun tir après 02h30, lorsque la bataille a apparemment pris fin, Aaron Ward est mort dans l'eau à 02h35, sa salle des machines avant inondée d'eau salée et son eau d'alimentation disparue.

Utilisant une pompe à essence, cependant, l'équipage du destroyer a réussi à pomper de l'eau salée dans les réservoirs et à allumer les chaudières. demander à Tulagi un remorqueur. Elle a maintenu son rythme rampant pendant seulement une demi-heure, cependant, quand elle est de nouveau morte dans l'eau.

Trente minutes après qu'elle eut ralenti jusqu'à l'arrêt, Aaron Ward repéra un spectacle importun : un cuirassé japonais, Hiei, tournant lentement en rond entre Savo et les îles de Floride. Également à proximité, plus près de Guadalcanal, se trouvaient Atlanta, Portland (CA–33), Cushing (D–376) et Monssen (D–436), tous endommagés, et les destroyers tous deux en feu. La présence du destroyer japonais Yudachi à proximité s'avéra être sa propre perte : le Portland le coula sommairement peu de temps après.

Aaron Ward, peut-être incité à le faire avec plus d'urgence en raison de la proximité de Hiei, a pris la route à 6 h 18, et deux minutes plus tard, il a accueilli le Bobolink (ATO-131), qui était arrivé pour prendre le destroyer en remorque. Avant que le câble de remorquage puisse être gréé, cependant, Hiei a repéré Aaron Ward et a ouvert le feu avec ses armes lourdes. Quatre salves de deux canons tonnaient depuis le cuirassé, dont la troisième chevauchait le destroyer paralysé. Heureusement, des avions envoyés depuis Henderson Field ont commencé à travailler au-dessus de Hiei et ont détourné son attention à temps.

Perdant à nouveau de la puissance à 6 h 35, Aaron Ward a été pris en remorque par Bobolink, et les navires ont commencé à se déplacer vers la sécurité. Le remorqueur a confié le remorquage à un patrouilleur local (YP) à 6 h 50 et le destroyer a jeté l'ancre dans le port de Tulagi près de l'île de Makambo à 8 h 30. Les neuf coups directs qu'il avait reçus ont fait 15 morts et 57 blessés. Après avoir reçu des réparations temporaires localement, Aaron Ward a navigué pour Hawaï peu de temps après, atteignant le port de Peari le 20 décembre 1942 pour des réparations permanentes.

Le destroyer a rejoint la flotte le 6 février 1943 et a rapidement repris le travail d'escorte. Pendant un passage avec un petit convoi le 20 mars, elle a aidé à repousser les avions attaquants japonais. Peu de temps après, le 7 avril, il avait escorté le transport rapide Ward (APD-16) et trois péniches de débarquement de chars (LCT) des îles Russell à Savo. Ne s'attendant pas à arriver avant 14h00, le destroyer a avancé à 25 nœuds pour fournir à Ward et aux trois LCT une couverture aérienne jusqu'à ce qu'ils atteignent Tulagi. Vers midi cependant, le destroyer n'a pas reçu l'annonce d'un raid aérien imminent à Guadaleanal.

Alors que les navires approchaient de leur destination, Aaron Ward reçut l'ordre vers 13 h 30 de quitter son convoi pour couvrir le LST-449 au large de Togoma Point, Guadaleanal. Rejoignant le navire de débarquement des chars à 14 h 19, le destroyer lui a ordonné de suivre ses mouvements et de zigzaguer à l'approche des avions ennemis. Alors que le LST manœuvrait pour se conformer aux mouvements d'Aaron VVard, le capitaine de ce dernier prévoyait de se retirer vers l'est par le canal de Lengo comme le faisaient d'autres cargos et navires d'escorte à la réception de l'avertissement de raid aérien de Guadalcanal.

Apercevant un combat aérien au-dessus de l'île de Savo, Aaron Ward a suivi un groupe plus proche d'avions japonais se dirigeant vers le sud au-dessus de Tulagi; en se balançant sur tribord, le navire a soudainement aperçu trois avions ennemis sortant du soleil. Faisant un bond en avant à la vitesse de flanc et mettant son gouvernail au-dessus de tout à gauche, Aaron Ward a ouvert le feu avec ses canons de 20 et 40 millimètres, suivi peu après par sa batterie de 5 pouces. Les bombes des trois premiers avions ont frappé sur ou à proximité du navire et l'effet minier des quasi-accidents s'est avéré dévastateur ; la première bombe était un quasi-accident qui a déchiré des trous dans le côté du navire, permettant à la salle de bain avant d'expédier de l'eau rapidement, la seconde a frappé à la maison dans la salle des machines, provoquant une perte de toute l'alimentation électrique sur les 5 pouces et 40- montures millimétriques. Passant au contrôle local, cependant, les artilleurs ont maintenu le feu. Une troisième bombe a éclaboussé près du bord, trouant son côté bâbord, près de la salle des machines arrière. Ayant perdu la puissance de son gouvernail, le navire a continué à se balancer vers la gauche alors qu'un autre trio de bombardiers en piqué lâchait leurs charges sur le destroyer désormais impuissant. Alors qu'aucune de ces bombes n'a touché le navire, deux ont atterri très près de son côté bâbord. Vingt destroyers étaient morts ; 59 avaient été blessés sept étaient portés disparus.

Malgré les efforts d'essai de son équipage déterminé et de l'assistance de l'Ortolan (ASR-5) et du Vireo (ATO-144), cependant, le destroyer s'est installé plus bas dans l'eau. Lorsqu'il est devenu évident que la bataille pour sauver Aaron Ward était en train d'être perdue, Ortolan et Vireo ont tenté de l'échouer sur un banc près de Tinete Point. À 21 h 35, cependant, Aaron Ward a coulé, la poupe en premier, dans 40 brasses d'eau, à seulement 600 mètres des hauts-fonds.

Aaron Ward a reçu quatre étoiles de bataille pour son service pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale.


USS Salle d'Aaron (DM-34)

Le troisième navire nommé USS Salle d'Aaron (DD-773/DM-34) en l'honneur du contre-amiral Aaron Ward était un Robert H. Smith-classe destroyer mouilleur de mines au service de la marine américaine.

  • 6 x 5 po (127 mm)/38 cal. armes à feu
  • canons de 12 x 40 mm
  • 8 canons de 20 mm
  • 2 x chenilles de grenades sous-marines
  • 4 projecteurs de grenade sous-marine
  • 80 mines

Elle a été posée comme une Allen M. Sumner-classe destroyer (DD-773) le 12 décembre 1943 à San Pedro, Californie par la Bethlehem Shipbuilding et lancé le 5 mai 1944, parrainé par Mme G. H. Ratliff. Le navire a été rebaptisé destroyer mouilleur de mines, DM-34, le 19 juillet 1944, et commandé le 28 octobre 1944 avec le commandant William H. Sanders Jr. aux commandes.


Salle d'Aaron c chế tạo tại xưởng tàu của hãng Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Company Kearny, New Jersey. Nó được đặt lườn vào ngày 11 tháng 2 năm 1941 được hạ thủy vào ngày 22 tháng 11 năm 1941, và được đỡ đầu bởi cô Hilda Ward, con gái Chuẩn đô đốc Ward. Con tàu được cho nhập biên chế cùng Hải quân Hoa Kỳ vào ngày 4 tháng 3 năm 1942 dưới quyền chỉ huy của Trung tá Hải quân Orville F. Gregor.

1942 Sửa đổi

Sau khi hoàn tất chạy thử máy ngoài khơi Casco Bay, Maine và hiệu chỉnh sau thử máy tại Xưởng hải quân New York, Salle d'Aaron lên đường đi a chanté khu vực Thái Bình Dương vào ngày 20 tháng 5 năm 1942, băng qua kênh đào Panama để đi n San Diego, Californie. Ít lâu sau đó, đang khi Trận Midway được phát triển về phía Tây, nó được điều vào thành phần hộ tống cho Lực lượng Đặc nhiệm 1 dưới quyàân Phó đng c nhim 1 dưới quyàân Phó đng. một tàu sân bay hộ tống, chic Long Island, khi lực lượng này lên đường tiến ra Thái Bình Dương “để hỗ trợ hot động chống lại i phương nếu cần thiết”. Khi đi đến một điểm về phía Đông Bắc quần o Hawaii cách San Francisco, Californie khoảng 1.200 nmi (2.200 km), Long Island c cho tách ra khỏi lực lượng đặc nhiệm vào ngày 17 tháng 6, và Salle d'Aaron ã hộ tống nó quai trở lại San Diego.

Sau các hoạt động tại chỗ ngoài khơi vùng bờ Tây, Salle d'Aaron lên đường đi Hawaii vào ngày 30 tháng 6, rồi tiếp tục đi đến vùng quần đảo Tonga cùng Lực lượng Đặc nhiệm 18. Được phân nhiệm vụ hộ tống v khàuóng lóâ, Cimarron Je suis à Nouméa. Trên đường đi, nó hai lần bắt được tính hiệu sonar nghi ngờ của tàu ngầm đối phương: một lần vào ngày 5 tháng 8, và một lần nữa vào ngày h. Tấn Công vào mục Tiêu Nghi Ngô bằng Mín sâu, chiếc tàu Khu TRUC tự nhận trong Cá hai làn có JAA đánh Chim tàu ​​Ngam Đổi phương, Nhung Những chiến Công này không XAC nhận boí Những Tư liệu JEU. được sau chiến Tranh. c giao nhiệm vụ hộ tống cho lực lượng bảo vệ và tiếp liệu n Guadalcanal, nó chứng kiến ​​tàu sân bay Guêpe bị trúng ngư lôi phóng tàu ngầm Nhật I-19 vao ngày 15 tháng 9.

Salle d'Aaron được giao một nhiệm vụ bắn phá bờ biển vào ngày 17 tháng 10. Nó đi đến ngoài khơi Lunga Roads, Guadalcanal chờ đợi một sĩ quan liên lạcủ n chủy qungn m, Lục chin Tuy nhiên, trước khi đón được vị khách lên tàu, nó phát hiện năm máy bay ném bom đối phương tiếp cận từ phía Tây. Chúng tấn công nhắm vào nó, nhưng lọt vào vùng hỏa lực phòng không của cả con tàu lẫn lực lượng Thủy quân Lục chiến trên bờ. Con tàu đã cơ động để né tránh ba quả bom đã rơi cách đuôi tàu 100-300 yd (91-274 m). Lực lượng Thủy quân Lục chiến trên bờ đã bắn hạ được hai máy bay đối phương, và cùng với con tàu chia sẻ chiến công thứ ba. Sau khi trận chiến đã qua đi, chiếc tàu khu trục đón lên tàu Martin Clemens, nguyên đại diện lãnh sự Anh tại Guadalcanal, Thiếu tá Thủy quân Lục chiến m Nees vàn RM Howard Trn CM Nees và nhanh chóng khởi hành đi n khu vực mục tiêu trong vòng 40 phút. Trong ba giờ, Salle d'Aaron đã bắn phá các công sự, điểm t pháo và kho n của quân Nhật trên bờ. Khi quay trở lại Lunga Roads, nó tiễn những vị khách lên bờ, bước vào trực chiến do một lệnh báo động không kích nhưng đã không xảy ragia, rồi rời ngn

Ba ngày sau, đang khi tiếp tục làm nhiệm vụ hộ tống vào ngày 20 tháng 10, Salle d'Aaron chứng kiến ​​tàu tuần dương hạng nặng Chester trúng một quả ngư lôi phóng từ tàu ngầm Nhật I-176. Nó đi đến cứu giúp con tàu bị hư hại và thả một loạt mìn sâu vào kẻ tấn công, nhưng không mang lại kết quả. Nó hộ tống chiếc tàu tuần dương bị hư hại quay trở về Espiritu Santo. Mười ngày sau, nó tiến hành một t bắn phá khác xuống Guadalcanal, lần này cùng với tàu tuần dương hạng nhẹ Atlanta, soái hạm của Chuẩn đô đốc Norman Scott, và các tàu khu trục Benham, Fletcher Virginie Lardner.

Đi đến ngoài khơi Lunga Point lúc 05 giờ 20 phút ngày 30 tháng 10, Atlanta đón lên tàu hai mươi phút sau đó một sĩ quan liên lạc c Thiếu tướng Alexander A. Vandegrift, Tư lệnh Sư đoàn 1 Thủy quân Lục chiến phái đến. i in khu vực được chỉ inh chỉ sau một giờ, Atlanta khai hỏa và c Salle d'Aaron tiếp nối không lâu sau ó nó tiêu phí tổng cộng 711 quả đạn pháo 5 pouces. Tạm dừng điều tra một tín hiệu nghi ngờ tàu ngầm đối phương tại khu vực lân cận, nó sau đó rời đi.

Hải chiến Guadalcanal Sửa đổi

Salle d'Aaron hộ tống các tàu vận tải chất dỡ binh lính và tiếp liệu ngoài khơi Guadalcanal trong các ngày 11-12 tháng 11, bắn rơi một mai bay đối phương và làm hế hạng Phía Đồng Minh nhận được tin tức về một lực lượng tàu nổi Nhật Bản lớn được gửi đến vô hiệu hóa các hoạt động không lực Đồng Minh xuấng cho Bản lên o này. Trận Hải chiến Guadalcanal trở nên một cộc mốc lớn trong suốt Chiến dịch Guadalcanal.

Chiều tối ngày 12 tháng 11, Salle d'Aaron rút lui về phía Đông cùng với lực lượng c nhiệm của nó, bao gồm năm tàu ​​tuần dương và tám tàu ​​khu trục dưới quyền Chuẩn đô đốc Daniel J. Callaghan lui n Quai de Sau đó lực lượng mũi trở lại, băng qua eo biển Lengo. Lúc khoảng 01 giờ 25 phút ngày 13 tháng 11, các tàu chiến Mỹ có trang bị radar bắt được nhiều mục tiêu trên màn hình, chính là "Lực lượng Tấn côn công qung Tìnhđ nguy giáp hạm Hiei Virginie Kirishima, tàu tuần dương hạng nhẹ Nagara cùng 14 tàu khu trục.

Salle d'Aaron dẫn đầu bốn tàu khu trục đi phía cuối i hình của Callaghan, khai hỏa không lâu sau ó vào mục tiêu được cho là một thiết giáp hạm. Sau khi bắn được mười loạt pháo, nó phát hiện ra các tàu tuần dương dẫn trước đã đổi hướng, và hai quả ngư lôi đi sát cạnh nó. Một lúc sau, Barton bị nổ tung do trúng ngư lôi phóng từ tàu khu trục Nhật Amatsukaze. Tiếp tục tiến lên phía trước, Salle d'Aaron chuẩn bị phóng ngư lôi vào một mục tiêu bên mạn trái, nhưng đã không khai hỏa vì kịp nhận ra mục tiêu lại là tàu tuần dương San Francisco đang ở khoảng cách 1.500 m (1,4 km). Trông thấy tàu khu trục Sterett đang hướng thẳng n nó từ mạn trái, nó phải bẻ lái gấp a chanté mạn trái để tránh va chạm. Một lúc sau, nó nổ súng nhắm vào một tàu đối phương, bắn khoảng 25 loạt n pháo vào mục tiêu có thể là tàu khu trục Akatsuki khiến nó nổ tung và đắm với tổn thất toàn bộ thành viên thủy thủ đoàn. Đổi hướng DJE nham vào một mục Tiêu khác trong sự LON Xon, chiếc tàu khu Trúc né tranh được Bon loat đàn phao Đổi phương Truoc khi một quả đàn phao Nhật đánh Trưng bộ Kiểm SOAT HOA lực, Buoc các khau phao của nó phai điều kiển tại chỗ.

Trong những phút tiếp theo, Salle d'Aaron bị bắn trúng thêm tám phát trực tiếp, không thể phân biệt bạn và thù, và biết chắc đối phương đã nhận rõ kiểu dáng tàu vờ trục knhu Kỳ trn. Nó mất kiểm soát bánh lái lúc 02 giờ 25 phút, và chỉ đổi hướng bằng cách thay đổi vòng quay động cơ, nó rời sang mạn phải. Không còn phát súng nào được bắn lúc 02 giờ 30 phút, khi trận chiến rõ ràng đã kết thúc, con tàu chết đứng giữa biển lúc 02 giờ 35 phúng, cngập cho nồi hơi. Sử dụng bơm chạy xăng, thủy thủ đoàn bơm nước mặn vào nồi hơi và tái khởi ng động cơ. n 05 giờ 00, nó di chuyển chậm về phía trước, băng qua eo biển Sealark mười phút sau, các xuồng phóng lôi Hoa Kỳ tiếp cận, và nó ra tín hiệu cần hót trợ di chuyển chậm trong nữa giờ trước khi lại chết dans giữa biển.

Ba mươi phút sau, Salle d'Aaron trông thấy chiếc thiết giáp hạm Nhật Bản Hiei di chuyển chầm chậm theo vòng tròn giữa Savo và quần o Florida. Cạnh đó, gần hơn về phía Guadalcanal, là Atlanta, Portland, Cushing Virginie Monssen, tất cả đều bị hư hại, cả hai tàu khu trục đều đang cháy. Tàu khu trục Nhật Bản Yudachi hiện diện chỉ để chờ đợi Portland kết liễu đánh chìm nó.

Cm thấy cấp bách do sự hiện diện của Hiei khoảng cách gần, Salle d'Aaron lại di chuyển trở lại được lúc 06 giờ 18 phút, và hai phút sau đã gặp gỡ chiếc tàu kéo Bobolink, vốn đi đến kéo chiếc tàu khu trục. Trước khi nối c cap, Hiei phát hiện ra Salle d'Aaron và khai hỏa các khẩu pháo hạng nặng của nó. Bốn loạt hai khẩu đã được bắn ra, loạt thứ ba suýt trúng vây quanh chiếc tàu khu trục hư hỏng. May mắn cho các con tàu Hoa Kỳ, những máy bay cất cánh từ sân bay Henderson mais đầu tấn công chiếc thiết giáp hạm, thu hút sự chú ý của nó.

Salle d'Aaron lại bị mất động lực lúc 06 giờ 35 phút, nhưng nó được Bobolink kéo, mais u di chuyển in khu vực an toàn. Chiếc tàu kéo chuyển giao nhiệm vụ cho một tàu tuần tra địa phương lúc 06 giờ 50 phút, và chiếc tàu khu trục thả neo trong cảng Tulagi gần đảo Makambo lúphúc 08 gi Chín phát n bắn trúng trực tiếp đã khiến 15 người tử trận và 57 người bị thương. Sau khi được sửa chữa tạm thời tại chỗ, nó lên đường đi Hawaii không lâu sau đó, đi đến Trân Châu Cảng vào ngày 20 tháng 12 để được sửa ch.a triệt

1943 Sửa đổi

Salle d'Aaron gia nhập trở lại hạm đội vào ngày 6 tháng 2 năm 1943, tiếp nối hoạt động hộ tống không lâu sau đó. Trong một chuyến đi cùng một đoàn tàu vận tải nhỏ vào ngày 20 tháng 3, nó giúp đánh đuổi những máy bay đối phương tấn công. Ít lâu sau, vào ngày 7 tháng 4, nó hộ tống chiếc salle cùng ba tàu bộ LCT từ o Russell n Savo. Dự kiến ​​n nơi vào khoảng 14 giờ 00, nó đi trước với vận tốc 25 hải lý trên giờ (46 km/h) để bảo vệ phòng không cho salle và ba chiếc LCT cho n khi chúng i n Tulagi. Dans khoảng trưa, chiếc tàu khu trục được cảnh báo về một cuộc không kích đang diễn ra tại Guadalcanal.

Khi các con tàu gần tới đích đến, Salle d'Aaron c lệnh tách khỏi đoàn tàu để bảo vệ cho USS LST-449 Pointe ngoài khơi Togoma, Guadalcanal. Một trong những hành khách trên LST-449 vào lúc này là Trung úy Hải quân John F. Kennedy, vị Tổng thống tương lai của Hoa Kỳ. Gia nhập cùng chiếc LST lúc 14 giờ 19 phút, nó hướng dẫn chiếc tàu đổ bộ chạy zig-zag né tránh máy bay đối phương đang ở gần. Hạm trưởng của Salle d'Aaron, Thiếu tá Hải quân Frederick J. Becton, dự định rút lui về phía Đông qua eo biển Lengo, giống như các tàu vận tải và tàu hộ tống khác kng đíá thựcccann

Bị đánh chìm Sửa đổi

Trông thấy một trận không chiến bên trên o Savo, Salle d'Aaron theo dõi một tốp may bay Nhật Bản hướng về phía Nam bên trên Tulagi. Đang khi bẻ lái a chanté mạn phải, nó bất ngờ phát hiện ba máy bay đối phương ló ra từ phía mặt trời. Lập tức bẻ lái trở lại sang mạn trái, nó tăng tốc hết mức ng thời khai hỏa các khẩu pháo phòng không Oerlikon 20 mm contre Bofors 40 mm, và sau cácá phá bởi ca. Tuy nhiên nó không thể ngăn chặn các máy bay của đợt tấn công thứ nhất ném ba quả bom trúng ích hoặc suýt trúng.

Quả thứ nhất suýt trúng ngay sát cạnh lườn tàu, xé toang một lổ hổng khiến phòng nồi hơi phía trước nhanh chóng bị ngập nước. Quả thứ hai đánh trúng phòng động cơ, khiến con tàu bị mất điện cung cấp đến các khẩu pháo 5 pouces và 40 mm tuy nhiên các pháo thủ m. Quả bom thứ ba nổ sát cạnh con tàu bên mạn trái, làm thủng một lổ bên mạn trái gần phòng ng cơ phía sau. B mất điện điều khiển khiến kẹt bánh lái, con tàu tiếp tục chạy vòng qua mạn trái trong khi một đợt ba máy bay ném bom bổ nhào khác tiếp t nhắc ném. Cho dù không có quả bom nào trúng ích trực tiếp, hai quả đã nổ sát mạn trái con tàu.

Bất chấp mọi cố gắng của thủy thủ đoàn và sự trợ giúp của các tàu quét mìn Ortolan (ASR-5) và Viréo (ATO-144), con tàu tiếp tục ngập nước, và khi những nỗ lực cứu Salle d'Aaron c'est bon, Ortolan Virginie Viréo tìm cách cho mắc cạn nó tại một bãi đá ngầm gần Tinete Point thuộc quần o Nggela. Tuy nhiên, đến 21 giờ 35 phút, Salle d'Aaron đắm với đuôi chìm trước tại tọa độ 9°10′30″N 160°12′0″Đ  /  9,175°N 160,2°Đ  / -9,17500 160,20000 Tọa độ: 9°10′30″N 160° 12′0″Đ  / 9,175°N 160,2°Đ  / -9,17500 160,20000 , ở độ sâu 40 sải (73 m), chỉ cách bãi đá ngầm 600 yd (550 m). Hai mười người trong số thủy thủ oàn của Salle d'Aaron đã tử trận, 59 người bị thương và thêm bảy người khác mất tích.

Các thợ lặn ã tìm được xác tàu m của Salle d'Aaron vào ngày 4 tháng 9 năm 1994. Chuyến lặn u tiên để khám phá xác tàu diễn ra vào ngày 25 tháng 9 năm 1994. .

Salle d'Aaron được tặng thưởng bốn Ngôi sao Chiến trận do thành tích phục vụ trong Thế Chiến II.


Bataille d'Okinawa, 24 mars-30 juin 1945

Souvenirs du commandant Frederick Julian Becton, USN, commandant du destroyer USS Laffey (DD-724) qui, bien qu'ayant été touché par huit avions-suicide japonais (kamikaze) le 16 avril 1945, n'a pas coulé.

Adapté de l'interview de Frederick Julian Becton dans l'encadré 2 de World War II Interviews, Operational Archives Branch, Naval Historical Center.

Bataille d'Okinawa, 24 mars-30 juin 1945

Je suis le commandant Frederick Julian Becton, commandant de l'USS Laffey. Le Laffey a été construit à Bath, Maine et a été mis en service à Boston, Massachusetts, au Navy Yard le 8 février 1944.

Après une brève période d'essai, le navire a participé à l'invasion de la Normandie en juin 1944, après quoi il a pris part au bombardement de Cherbourg [France] le 25 juin 1944 et a subi un coup de huit pouces [obus d'artillerie allemand] qui n'a heureusement pas exploser.

De retour aux États-Unis pour des réparations et des modifications, le navire s'est rendu dans le Pacifique et a rejoint la troisième flotte de l'amiral [William F. ' Bull'] Halsey's en novembre 1944, pour des frappes contre les îles Philippines au cours du mois de novembre .

Le navire a rejoint la 7e flotte de l'amiral Kinkaid dans le golfe de Leyte [Philippines] début décembre 1944 et a participé au débarquement de la 77e division de l'armée américaine à Ormoc Bay, le 7 décembre 1944. C'était notre première expérience avec le Kamikaze Suicide Corps [des unités d'avions japonais transformées en bombes volantes destinées à être écrasées par leurs pilotes sur des navires de la marine américaine pour les couler ou les endommager gravement]. Le navire et tout le convoi ont subi des attaques incessantes depuis environ 10 heures du matin jusqu'à la tombée de la nuit.

Le prochain débarquement auquel le navire a participé a eu lieu à Mindoro le 15 décembre 1944.

Le débarquement suivant eut lieu environ deux semaines plus tard, lorsque le navire quitta le golfe de Leyte le 2 janvier et se dirigea vers le golfe Lingayen [également aux Philippines] pour aider aux activités d'adoucissement et de bombardement avant le débarquement de l'armée le 9 janvier 1945.

Nous sommes restés dans la région du golfe de Lingayen jusqu'au 22 janvier environ, puis nous avons rejoint le groupe de travail de l'amiral Mitcher à Ulithi.

Participation aux grèves de Tokyo.

L'opération suivante à laquelle le navire participa fut les frappes sur Tokyo à la mi-février 1945, après quoi les groupes opérationnels des porte-avions se dirigèrent vers le sud pour soutenir le débarquement d'Iwo Jima. We went back for the second strikes on Tokyo about the 24th of February, and returning from that, went into Ulithi where we remained until we were ready for the Okinawa operation.

We departed Ulithi for the Okinawa landings on the 21st of March, arrived at Okinawa the 24th of March, and performed screening duties with the battleships and cruisers [protecting them from Japanese aircraft and submarines] who were bombarding the beaches until the major landing on April 1st, 1945. Thereafter, we took up station to the north of Okinawa at radar picket station number one about 35 miles north of Okinawa [these picket stations gave advance warning of the approach of enemy aircraft or ships].

Our tour of duty on this picket station was uneventful until the morning of April 16th, when we underwent a concentrated attack by Japanese suicide planes. The attack commenced about 8:27 [a.m.] when we were attacked by four Vals [single-engine Japanese Aichi D3A naval dive bomber with a 2-man crew], which split, two heading for our bow and two swinging around to attack us from the stern. We shot down three of these and combined with a nearby LCS [support landing craft] in splashing the fourth one. Then two other planes came in from either bow, both of which were shot down by us. It was about the seventh plane that we were firing on that finally crashed into us amidships and started a huge fire. This marked us as a cripple with the flames and smoke billowing up from the ship and the Japs really went to work on us after that.

Two planes came in quick succession from astern and crashed into our after [rear of the ship] five-inch twin mount. The first one carried a bomb which exploded on deck. The second one dropped its bomb on deck before crashing into the after mount. Shortly thereafter, two more planes came in on the port quarter crashing into the deckhouse just forward of the crippled after five-inch mount. This sent a flood of gasoline into the two compartments below the after crew's head [bathroom] and with the fire that was already raging in the after crew's compartment just aft of the five-inch mount number three, we now had fires going in all of the after three living spaces, besides the big fire topside in the vicinity of the number four 40 mm [antiaircraft gun] mount.

The two planes. no, the next one was a plane from our port quarter that dropped a bomb just about our port [left] propeller and jammed our rudder [steering mechanism] when it was 26 degrees left.

Strafed by Approaching Plane.

The next plane came from the port bow, knocked off our yardarm [a horizontally-mounted spar on the radar/radio mast], and a [F4U] Corsair [single engine US fighter with a 1-man crew] chasing it, knocked off our Sugar Charlie [SC air search] radar. Then a plane came in from the port bow carrying a big bomb and was shot down close aboard [in the water near the ship's side]. A large bomb fragment from the exploding bomb knocked out the power in our number two five- inch mount which is the one just forward of the bridge. Shortly thereafter this mount, in manual control, knocked down an Oscar [single-engine Japanese Nakajima Ki-43, Army-type fighter with a 1-man crew] coming in on our starboard bow [from the right-front of the ship] when it was about 500 yards from the ship. At the same time the alert mount captain of number one five- inch mount sighted a Val diving on the ship from the starboard bow, took it under fire and knocked it down about 500 yards from the ship using Victor Tare projectiles. The next plane came yardarm as it pulled out of its dive. It was shot down by the Corsairs ahead of the ship.

The next plane came in from the starboard bow strafing [firing its machine guns] as it approached and dropped a bomb just below the bridge which wiped out our two 20 mms [antiaircraft guns] in that area and killed some of the people in the wardroom [officers' dining and social compartment] battle dressing station. This plane did not try to crash either, and was shot down, after passing over the ship, by our fighter cover.

The last plane that attacked the ship came in from the port bow, and was shot down by the combined fire of the Corsair pilots and our own machine guns, and struck the water close aboard and skidded into the side of the ship, denting the ship's side but causing no damage.

The action had lasted an hour and 20 minutes. We had been attacked by 22 planes, nine of which we had shot down unassisted, eight planes had struck the ship, seven of them with suicidal intent, two of these seven did practically no damage other than knocking off yardarms. Five of these seven did really heavy material damage and killed a lot of our personnel. We had only four of our original eleven .20 mm mounts still in commission. Eight of the original 12 barrels of our .40 mm mounts could still shoot but only in local control, all electrical power to them being gone and our after five-inch mount was completely destroyed. Our engines were still intact.

The fires were still out of control and we were slowly flooding aft. Our rudder was still jammed and remained jammed until we reached port. We tried every engine combination possible to try to make a little headway to the southward but all no avail. We had lost 33 men, killed or missing, about 60 others had been wounded and approximately 30 of these were seriously wounded.

The morning of our attack off Okinawa we had a CAP [combat air patrol] of about 10 planes over us. It was entirely inadequate for the number of attacking Jap planes. Our own radar operators said that they saw as many as 50 bogies [Japanese aircraft] approaching the ship from the north just prior to the attack. Many more planes were undoubtedly sent to our assistance and quite a large number of Jap planes were undoubtedly shot down outside of our own gun range and to the north of us that morning. When the attack was all over we had a CAP of 24 planes protecting us.

Threw live bomb over the side.

One of the highlights of the action occurred when Lieutenant T.W. Runk, [spelled] R-U-N-K, USNR, who was the Communications Officer on the Laffey at the time, went aft to try to free the rudder. He had to clear his way through debris and plane wreckage to reach the fantail [rearmost deck on the ship] and, on his way back to the steering engine room, saw an unexploded bomb on deck which he promptly tossed over the side. His example of courage and daring was one of the most inspiring ones on the Laffey that morning.

Another example of resourcefulness exhibited that morning came when two of the engineers, who were fighting fires in one of the after compartments, were finally driven by the heat of the planes [flames] into the after Diesel generator room. The heat from the burning gasoline scorched the paint on the inside of the Diesel generator room where there was no ventilation whatsoever. The acrid fumes almost suffocated these two men but they called the officer in charge of the after engine room, which was in adjacent compartment, and told him of their predicament. He immediately had one of the men beat a hole through the bulkhead with a hammer and chisel and then, with and electric drill, cut a larger hole to put an air hose through to give them sufficient air until they could be rescued. At the same time other engineering personnel had cleared away the plane wreckage on the topside and with an oxime acetylene torch cut a hole through the deck which enabled these two men to escape. Upon reaching the topside, both of them turned to fighting the fires in the after part of the ship.

The morning after the action we removed one engine from the inside of the after five-inch mount which had been completely destroyed and which had had its port side completely blown off by the explosion of the initial plane, which was carrying a bomb when it crashed into this mount. The second plane which crashed into that mount had also done great damage to it. And the next morning we pulled one engine out of the inside of the mount and another engine was sitting beside the mount with the remains of the little Jap pilot just aft of the engine. There was very little left of him, however.

We transferred our injured personnel to a smaller ship that afternoon, which took them immediately to Okinawa. We were taken in tow by a light mine-sweeper in the early afternoon, about three hours after the attack and the mine-sweeper turned the tow over a short time later to a tug, which had been sent to our rescue. Another tug came alongside us to assist in pumping out our flooded spaces and with one tug towing us and the other alongside pumping us, we reached Okinawa early the next morning.

Put soft patches on hull.

After reaching Okinawa and pumping out all our flooded spaces, we put soft patches on four small holes we found in the underwater body in the after part of the ship. It took about five days to patch the ship up sufficiently for it to start the journey back to Pearl Harbor.

After leaving Okinawa we proceeded to Saipan and thence to Eniwetok and from Eniwetok on to Pearl Harbor.

About the seventh plane that attacked us, it came in on the port bow and he was low on the water and I kept on turning with about 25 degrees left rudder towards him to try to keep him on the beam. He swung back towards our stern and then cut in directly towards our stern and then cut in directly towards the ship. I kept turning to port to try to keep him on the beam and concentrate the maximum gunfire on him and as we turned, we could see him skidding farther aft all the time. I finally saw that he wouldn't quite make [it to hit] the bridge but then I was afraid he was going to strike the hull in the vicinity of the engine room, but about a hundred yards out from the ship, he finally straightened out and went over the fantail nicking the edge of five-inch mount three and then crashed into the water beyond the ship.

Of course, many people have various ideas about how to avoid these Kamikazes but the consensus of opinion, so far as I know, to try to keep them on the beam [i.e., coming in on a 90- degree angle to the long axis of the ship, or directly from the side] as much as possible or one reason to concentrate the maximum gunfire on them as they approached. And another reason is to give them less danger space by exposing just the beam of the ship rather than the quarter of the bow for them to attack from. The danger space is much less if they come in from the beam than it would be if they came in from ahead or from astern and had the whole length of the ship to choose in which to crash into. High speed and the twin rudders, with which 2200 ton destroyers are equipped, were believed to have been vital factors in saving our ship that morning off Okinawa.

Interviewer:

Captain Becton, were you on some other destroyer in the early part of the war?

Commander Becton:

Yes, I was in the [USS] Aaron Ward [DD-483] in the early part of the war. I was in the [USS] Gleaves [DD-423] when the war was first declared, but went to the Aaron Ward a short time after that as Chief Engineer, fleeted up [was promoted] to Exec[utive Officer - second in command] and was in there when she went through that night action off Guadalcanal the night of 12-13 November 1942. We were hit by nine shells that night, varying between 5 and 14 inches, but fortunately they were all well above the water line. We were towed into Tulagi [an island near Guadalcanal] the next day and later repaired.

Interviewer:

Were you also on board when the Ward went down?

Commander Becton:

Yes, I was on board the Aaron Ward when she sank off Guadalcanal in April, 1943. After that I went to the squadron staff of ComDesRon [Commander, Destroyer Squadron] 21 and went through three surface actions in the [USS] Nicholas [DD-449]. The first of these was the night of 6 July, in the First Battle of Kolombangara or Kula Gulf when the [light cruiser USS] Helena [CL-50] was sunk. The Nicholas and the [destroyer USS] Radford [DD-446] stayed behind after the cruisers and other destroyers retired to pick up the Helena's survivors and fight a surface action with Jap ships that were still there in Kula Gulf.

The next surface action we were in came a week later when the same outfit of destroyers and cruisers attacked some more Jap cruisers and destroyers that were coming down from the northwest. We operated under Admiral Ainesworth that night. The destroyers were under the overall command of Captain McInerney.

After that the next surface action we were in was after the occupation of Vella Lavella, in which we took on some Jap destroyers and barges [towed craft carrying troops or cargo] to the north of Vella Lavella in a night action. The destroyers turned and ran and left their barges and we couldn't catch the destroyers. We did some damage to them, possibly destroyed some, but the major damage was done to the barges which they had left behind and many of which we sank.

Noter: USS Laffey survived WWII and is now a memorial ship which can be visited at Patriots Point Naval & Maritime Museum in Mount Pleasant, South Carolina.


A Warrior's Destiny

His prayer entering battle was offered to a higher plane, but the words that came out of his mouth were meant for a mortal, his captain, who was standing in the pilothouse below him. “Please, sir, let’s not go down before we fire our damn torpedoes.”

Lieutenant Robert C. Hagen, the 25-year-old who spoke those words to Commander Ernest E. Evans, the captain of the USS Johnston (DD-557), had a front-row seat to a naval cataclysm. Hagen was the ship’s gunnery officer. On the morning of 25 October 1944 he had a clear, telescopic view through his Mark 37 gun director of a ship six times the Johnston’s size.

Tied into a gyro-stabilized, servo-mechanical fire-control system, Hagen kept the ship’s five single-mounted 5-inch/38s on target. When the range to the Japanese heavy cruiser, the Kumano, narrowed to 18,000 yards, he closed the firing key and began laying his barrage, walking a 200-yard ladder of fire across the path of the ship as she and five other Japanese cruisers bore down on Rear Admiral Clifton A. F. Sprague’s escort carrier unit, Taffy 3. When Hagen began to see his projectiles bursting in the Kumano’s superstructure, he tightened the ladder to 100 yards, concentrating the barrage. With five guns beating out 15 to 18 shells per minute, he quickly burned through the ship’s 200 rounds of common 5-inch. Thereafter, he fired proximity-fused rounds.

Avec le Johnston’s solo run against an enemy battleship and cruiser task force, the Battle off Samar was on. Admiral Sprague’s mismatched bout with Vice Admiral Takeo Kurita’s Center Force in the Battle of Leyte Gulf would go down as the U.S. Navy’s greatest upset victory. As with so many battles that find a place in legend, the seeming inevitability of destiny was apparent in retrospect. For Hagen, the path to center stage in the Philippine Sea was arbitrary and accidental—and straight as the osprey flies.

90-Day Wonder’s Early Assignments

Bob Hagen, the son of a 1911 graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy, expected to begin his naval career at Annapolis. A native of San Francisco, educated at his father’s latest duty station, Brownsville, Texas, he received an appointment to become a midshipman in 1938. He washed out the same day he arrived owing to his astigmatism. Returning to Brownsville, he piled up enough college credits in summer preparatory school to graduate junior college in one year. Hagen finished his naval reserve officer training at Northwestern University, took a commission in September 1941, and wound up beating his would-have-been classmates to ensign by about three months. The “90-day wonder” reserve officer would lord his rank seniority over his Academy-prepped colleagues. “After a few drinks I wouldn’t hesitate to let them all know it,” he said.

For his first assignment, Ensign Hagen was tapped in late 1941 to serve where destinies were given to thousands of new recruits every few weeks: Great Lakes Naval Training Station, 30 miles north of Chicago. As an assistant service school selection officer there, he stood in the stream of humanity entering the naval service, testing new boots for intelligence and aptitude, routing the best of them by the hundreds to specialty schools and the rest by the thousands to serve in the Fleet. Demand was high, smarts were important, but experience was king. Journeyman carpenters with ten years’ experience became chiefs in the Seabees.

The imperfect and arbitrary ways of personnel evaluation and assignment were evident to Hagen when five young men, stout as trees, presented themselves. Hailing from Waterloo, Iowa, they were brothers by the name of Sullivan. Hagen recalled that neither George nor Frank nor Joe nor Matt nor Al was promising by any official measure of intellect or aptitude. But somehow they had secured a special deal for themselves. “We were promised to go to the same ship,” they told Hagen.

It struck the young officer as a capitally bad idea. “Hey fellows, there’s a war on,” Hagen replied. “You don’t want to go to the same ship.” What if that ship got sunk? Hagen’s commanding officer dismissed his protest: “Hagen, do what you are told to do in the Navy. You are 22 years old, and you don’t have to think.” The Sullivans were all sent to serve in a new antiaircraft cruiser, the Juneau (CL-52).

Experienced in the idiocy of personnel administration, Hagen hungered to serve at sea. He called on his father, Ole O. Hagen, then serving in the Bureau of Ordnance, and asked to be assigned to a destroyer bound for the Pacific. In March 1942, Ensign Hagen was sent to the Salle d'Aaron (DD-483). As the junior ensign in Commander Orville F. Gregor’s wardroom, Hagen found the same arbitrariness he practiced at Great Lakes suddenly applied to him: He was made the assistant communications officer for no other reason than he could type 23 words a minute. In the small world of a destroyer, he drew triple duty as the assistant supply officer and radar officer too.

Traumatic Ordeal in the Salle d'Aaron

In the 13 November 1942 naval action off Guadalcanal, the Salle d'Aaron led the rear section of destroyers in Rear Admiral Daniel J. Callaghan’s column. The close-range battle fought that night would go down as one of the most violent and bloody ever. It saw the death of two flag officers: Callaghan, as well as Rear Admiral Norman Scott, one of Ole Hagen’s 1911 Naval Academy classmates, killed by a friendly salvo in the antiaircraft cruiser Atlanta (CL-51).

Standing on the Salle d'Aaron’s starboard bridge wing, Hagen watched the ships following astern. Through his binoculars he had a clear view of the sudden destruction of the destroyer Barton (DD-599). He saw the Monssen (DD-436) get heavily hit and an officer leap from her pilothouse to escape the fires. Then the Salle d'Aaron took one. A Japanese shell blasted up from the wardroom below, producing a storm of shrapnel that opened the deck and filled him with steel. Weakened by arterial bleeding from his torn left bicep, Hagen instructed the chief signalman to take his place as officer of the deck.

At Great Lakes he had always had a hard time finding candidates to attend the specialty school that trained pharmacist’s mates, but it was his good fortune now to be saved by a quick-thinking pharmacist’s mate who put a tourniquet on his arm and stuck him with a morphine syrette. When another medic came upon the badly wounded officer minutes later and administered more of the painkiller, unaware of his predecessor’s work, Hagen was left to drift off to a drugged sleep. His final act of conscious thought that night was to understand he didn’t want to survive if it meant losing an arm. As his mind shut down and time ceased to move for him, he used his remaining strength to remove the tourniquet. He would take his chances with blood loss.

After dawn, Hagen came to. He found himself bathed in blood and with a front-row seat to another drama: the “battle of the cripples.” As his dulled senses returned to work, he saw an enemy battleship far away, beyond the range of his dead-in-the-water vessel’s 5-inch guns. The Japanese behemoth, the Hiei, had been badly damaged the previous night. But her men, like the Americans, possessed a fierce will to live and to fight, and they took the Salle d'Aaron under fire. Hagen’s most vivid memory of that morning was a comic one: his holy terror of a skipper, Captain Gregor, diving behind the pilothouse wheel housing to escape the plunging 14-inch shells. The woozy lieutenant (j.g.) found a mischievous delight in his panic.

Gregor was never the wiser. He put Hagen in for a Silver Star for accurately identifying unknown ships at the height of the battle’s chaos. He received a Purple Heart too. But bad as his ship got, the vessel that steamed ahead of the Salle d'Aaron that night, the Juneau, received far worse. Damaged in the night battle, the cruiser was lost to a submarine torpedo the morning after, en route to Espiritu Santo. Les Juneau didn’t sink she vanished in a cloud of yellow-brown smoke, the victim of a terrible secondary explosion in a magazine. All five Sullivan brothers were among her fatalities all but ten of her crew of about 700 died.


USS Aaron Ward (DD-483)


Figure 1: USS Salle d'Aaron (DD-483) approaching USS Guêpe (CV-7) on 17 August 1942, during operations in the Solomon Islands area. Note that her port anchor is missing, probably removed as a weight-saving measure. Also note her pattern camouflage. Photographie officielle de la marine américaine, maintenant dans les collections des Archives nationales. Click on photograph for larger image.

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Figure 2: The USS Salle d'Aaron (DD-483) berthed at the Brooklyn Navy Yard on 4 May 1942. She shows a good example of the correctly applied US Navy Measure 12 Modified camouflage. USN courtesy of Floating Drydock. Click on photograph for larger image.


Figure 3: USS Salle d'Aaron (DD-483) probably photographed in New York Harbor, circa 15 May 1942. Wartime censors retouched this image. They removed radar antennas atop the gun director and foremast. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center. Click on photograph for larger image.


Figure 4: USS Salle d'Aaron (DD-483) afloat immediately after she was launched, at the Federal Shipbuilding and Dry Dock Company shipyard, Kearny, New Jersey, 22 November 1941. Photographie du centre historique de la marine américaine. Click on photograph for larger image.


Figure 5: View on board the USS Salle d'Aaron (DD-483), looking aft from the bow, while the ship was in New York Harbor on 15 May 1942. Note her forward 5"/38 gun mounts, with 5" powder canisters stacked on deck nearby and Mark 37 gun director, with "FD" radar antenna, atop the pilothouse. The tug Robert Aikman and a Navy covered lighter (YF) are alongside. Fort Richmond, on Staten Island, is visible in the right distance. Photograph from the Bureau of Ships Collection in the U.S. National Archives. Click on photograph for larger image.


Figure 6: Ships of Task Force 18 in Tulagi Harbor, Solomon Islands, shortly before departing hurredly to avoid the large-scale Japanese air attack that marked the beginning of Japan’s "I" Operation, 7 April 1943. Photographed from USS Fletcher (DD-445). USS Salle d'Aaron (DD-483) is partially visible at left. She was fatally damaged in this air attack and sank near Tulagi during salvage attempts. Light cruiser in center is USS Honolulu (CL-48). USS Saint Louis (CL-49) is behind her, to the right, with a Fletcher class destroyer beyond. Official U.S. Navy Photograph, from the collections of the Naval Historical Center. Click on photograph for larger image.

USS Salle d'Aaron (DD-483) was the second ship named after Rear Admiral Aaron Ward, who served in the US Navy from 1867 to 1913. Salle d'Aaron was a 1,630-ton Gleaves class destroyer that was built by the Federal Shipbuilding and Drydock Company at Kearny, New Jersey, and was commissioned on 4 March 1942. The ship was approximately 348 feet long and 36 feet wide, and had a top speed of 35 knots and a crew of 208 officers and men. She was armed with four 5-inch guns, two twin 40-mm gun mounts, two single 20-mm gun mounts, two quintuple 21-inch torpedo tube mounts and depth charges.

After a brief shakedown cruise off the coast of Maine, Salle d'Aaron was sent to the Pacific in May 1942. For roughly a month she escorted the aircraft carrier Long Island (AVG-1) and several old battleships as they left America’s West Coast and patrolled the waters off Hawaii. Salle d'Aaron then played a substantial role in the naval battle for Guadalcanal. In July, Salle d'Aaron steamed toward the South Pacific, where she escorted merchant ships to Guadalcanal. While escorting some warships near the island, Salle d'Aaron witnessed the sinking of the carrier USS Guêpe (CV-7) after it was torpedoed by the Japanese submarine I-19 on 15 September 1942. On 17 October 1942, Salle d'Aaron fought off several Japanese aircraft and bombarded enemy positions on shore. On October 20, while screening American warships, she came to the assistance of the heavy cruiser USS Chester (CA-37) after she was torpedoed by another Japanese submarine. Salle d'Aaron escorted the damaged cruiser to Espiritu Santo in the New Hebrides for repairs.

Salle d'Aaron shelled additional Japanese positions on Guadalcanal on 30 October as part of a task force centered on the light cruiser USS Atlanta (CL-51). Salle d'Aaron escorted merchant ships to Guadalcanal on 11-12 November and successfully protected them against enemy air attacks as they steamed off the coast of the island. On the night of 12-13 November 1942, during a major naval battle off Guadalcanal, Salle d'Aaron was part of a group of cruisers and destroyers that attacked a larger Japanese naval task force that included two battleships. The destroyer was hit several times during the battle and was even fired on (but not hit) by the Japanese battleship Hiei.

After the battle, Salle d'Aaron was sent to Pearl Harbor for repairs. She was sent back to Guadalcanal in February 1943. While steaming in nearby Tulagi Harbor on 7 April, Salle d'Aaron received a radar warning that a huge Japanese air raid was about to take place. The destroyer quickly moved away from Tulagi and went into the open waters of nearby Iron Bottom Sound (which got that name because of all of the ships that were sunk there). There the Salle d'Aaron’s luck ran out because several Japanese dive-bombers attacked her. The ship sustained one direct hit and several near misses, which flooded both her fireroom and engine room. Twenty-seven men were killed during the attack and 59 were wounded. The ship also had no power and began to sink. Two salvage ships came to the assistance of the Salle d'Aaron and tried to tow the stricken destroyer back to Tulagi. But the damage was too great and she soon sank, stern first, only 600 yards away from shore.

Les Salle d'Aaron received four battle stars for her service in World War II. However, her story does not end there. During the mid-1990s, the wreck of the Salle d'Aaron was discovered by divers off the coast of Tulagi. She is sitting upright 240 feet below the surface, with both her bow and stern seriously mangled by the destroyer’s impact with the ocean floor. But despite the damage, the ship is well preserved and numerous divers have visited it. Salle d'Aaron may have been sunk in 1943, but to this day she provides mute testimony to the viciousness of the naval battles that were fought off the coast of Guadalcanal.


TM1c John Crockett Ravin Historical Information

USS Salle d'Aaron (DD-483), Commander Orville F. Gregor commanding. Damaged 15 KIA, 38 WIA.Salle d'Aaron, leading the trailing four destroyers, plowed into the mass of wrecked and burning ships on both sides. The trail destroyers could all see the carnage ahead, but none of them faltered. Opening fire on Hiei at 7,000 yards, Salle d'Aaron had to go to an emergency backing bell to avoid hitting a burning Japanese destroyer. Les Yudachi (which seemed to be everywhere in the battle) was hit by either gunfire from Salle d'Aaron or by friendly fire from another Japanese destroyer, the Asagumo, which left her dead in the water. Two torpedoes passed under Salle d'Aaron, which probably hit the Barton. Salle d'Aaron attempted to launch torpedoes at Hiei, but San Francisco was then too close to Hiei et Salle d'Aaron checked fire before blasting her way through a couple of Japanese destroyers on both sides. Damaged by nine direct hits, including three 14-inch battleship shells, Salle d'Aaron lost power at about 0235 and went dead in the water.” Commander Gregor (future rear admiral) awarded Navy Cross. USS Salle d'Aaron would be bombed and sunk off Guadalcanal on 7 April 1943.


April 7, 1943 – This Day During World War ll – Japanese attack force bombs and sinks the Destroyer Aaron Ward (DD-483)

April 7, 1943 – A Japanese attack force of 157 Zero fighters and 67 D3A dive bombers hit Tulagi in the Solomon Islands sinking the Destroyer Aaron Ward (DD-483) USS Aaron Ward (DD-483) was a Gleaves-class destroyer in the service of the United States Navy. She was the second Navy ship named in honor of Rear Admiral Aaron Ward.
On 7 April, the Ward and three tank landing craft from the Russell Islands sailed to Savo Island. At about noon, the destroyer received notification of an impending air raid at Guadalcanal.
As the ships neared their destination, Aaron Ward received orders at about 1330 to leave her convoy to cover LST-449 off Togoma Point, Guadalcanal. (One of the passengers on LST-449 was then Lieutenant (junior grade) John F. Kennedy, later to become President of the United States, on his way to take command of PT-109.) Joining the tank landing ship at 1419, the destroyer directed her to follow her movements and zigzag at the approach of enemy aircraft. While the LST maneuvered to conform to Aaron Ward’s movements, Lieutenant Commander Frederick J. Becton, commanding officer of Aaron Ward, planned to retire to the eastward through Lengo Channel, as other cargo ships and escorting ships were doing upon receipt of the air raid warning from Guadalcanal.
Sighting a dogfight over Savo Island, Aaron Ward tracked a closer group of Japanese planes heading south over Tulagi while swinging to starboard, the ship suddenly sighted three enemy planes coming out of the sun. Surging ahead to flank speed and putting her rudder over hard to port, Aaron Ward opened fire with her 20 mm and 40 mm guns, followed shortly afterwards by her 5-inch battery. Bombs from the first three planes struck on or near the ship, and the mining effect of the near-misses proved devastating the first bomb was a near miss, which tore holes in the side of the ship, allowing the forward fire room to ship water rapidly the second struck home in the engine room, causing a loss of all electrical power on the 5 inch and 40 mm mounts. Shifting to local control, however, the gunners kept up the fire. A third bomb splashed close aboard, holing her port side, near the after engine room. Having lost power to her rudder, the ship continued to swing to port as another trio of dive bombers loosed their loads on the now-helpless destroyer. While none of these bombs hit the ship, two landed very near her port side. Twenty men died, 59 were wounded, and seven went missing.
Despite the best efforts of her determined crew, and the assistance of Ortolan and Vireo, the destroyer settled lower in the water. When it became evident that the battle to save Aaron Ward was being lost, Ortolan and Vireo attempted to beach her on a shoal near Tinete Point of Nggela Sule. At 21:35, however, Aaron Ward sank, stern-first, in 40 fathoms (70 m) of water, only 600 yards (550 m) from shoal water.

USS Aaron Ward approaching USS Wasp during operations in the Solomon Islands area.


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Photo: USS AARON WARD (DD-483) in New York harbour in 1942.

© Official U.S. Navy Photograph - Naval Historical Center

USS AARON WARD (DD-483) was a Gleaves-class destroyer that served in the United States Navy from March 4, 1942 to April 7, 1943.

USS AARON WARD (DD-483) was named in honor of Rear Admiral Aaron Ward.

USS AARON WARD (DD-483) sank on April 7, 1943 in a shoal near Tinete Point of Nggela Sule, Solomon Islands during OPERATION I-GO. Her wreck was discovered on September 4, 1994.

Following her shakedown out of Casco Bay, Maine, and post-shakedown availability at the New York Navy Yard, Brooklyn, N.Y., USS AARON WARD (DD-483) sailed for the Pacific on May 20, 1942 and proceeded via the Panama Canal to San Diego, California. A short time later, as the Battle of Midway was developing off to the westward, AARON WARD (DD-483) operated in the screen of Vice Adm. William S. Pye's Task Force (TF) 1, built around seven battleships and USS LONG ISLAND (AVG-1) as it steamed out into the Pacific Ocean, eventually reaching a point some 1,200 miles west of San Francisco and equally northeast of Hawaii, to "support the current operations against the enemy." With the detachment of Long Island from the task force on 17 June, Aaron Ward screened her on her voyage back to San Diego.

After local operations off the west coast, USS AARON WARD (DD-483) sailed for Hawaii on 30 June 1942 and proceeded thence to the Tonga Islands with TF 18. Assigned to escort duties soon thereafter, she convoyed USS CIMARRON (AO-22) to Noumea, New Caledonia. During the course of the voyage she made two sound contacts, one on August 5, 1942 and the other the following day, which she developed and attacked with depth charges. Although she claimed a probable sinking in each case, neither "kill" was borne out in postwar accounting. Subsequently assigned to screening duties with forces seeking to cover and resupply Guadalcanal, Aaron Ward saw USS WASP (CV-7) torpedoed by 1-19 on September 15, 1942.

Within a month's time, USS AARON WARD (DD-483) was earmarked for a shore bombardment mission on October 17, 1942. AARON WARD (DD-483) s'est rendu sur Lunga Roads à 7 h 17 ce jour-là pour mentir et attendre l'arrivée d'un officier de liaison de l'USMC qui désignerait des cibles pour le navire. Avant de pouvoir embarquer des passagers, cependant, elle a repéré cinq bombardiers ennemis s'approchant de l'ouest. Ceux-ci ont attaqué AARON WARD (DD-483) vers 7 h 24, mais se sont heurtés à un puissant barrage antiaérien provenant à la fois du navire et des canons marins à terre. Le destroyer avance à toute allure lorsqu'il repère les assaillants, pour effectuer des manœuvres d'évitement et éviter les chutes de bombes, en se balançant radicalement à droite ou à gauche selon l'occasion. Trois bombes ont éclaboussé 100 à 300 mètres à l'arrière du navire. Les marines ont revendiqué la destruction de deux des cinq attaquants, tandis que le navire et les marines ont partagé un troisième "kill".

L'action terminée, l'USS AARON WARD (DD-483) s'est tenu dans Lunga Roads à 08h00 et a embarqué Martin Clemens, l'ancien représentant consulaire britannique à Guadalcanal, alors en tant que "gardien de la côte", le major C.M. Nees, USMC, et le Cpl. R. M. Howard, USMC, photographe, et s'est mis en route peu de temps après, atteignant sa zone cible en 40 minutes. Pendant trois heures, AARON WARD (DD-483) Ward a bombardé les positions côtières japonaises, ses cibles allant d'un emplacement de canon à des décharges de munitions, des incendies, de la fumée et des explosions ont marqué sa visite alors qu'elle quittait la zone. Atteignant Lunga Roads à 12 h 16, il débarqua ses passagers et après avoir été mis en alerte pour un raid aérien japonais qui ne s'est pas matérialisé, il a dégagé le canal de Lengo et a rejoint son groupe de travail.

Trois jours plus tard, alors qu'il effectuait à nouveau des opérations de dépistage, l'USS AARON WARD (DD-483) a vu l'USS CHESTER (CA-27) prendre une torpille le 20 octobre 1942. AARON WARD (DD-483) est allé au secours du croiseur sinistré. et a largué une charge de profondeur complète sur l'assaillant de CHESTER, I-176, mais est revenu les mains vides. AARON WARD (DD-483) a ensuite escorté le navire endommagé jusqu'à Espiritu Santo.

Dix jours après sa chasse avortée de l'I-176, l'USS AARON WARD (DD-483) a effectué un autre bombardement des positions japonaises sur Guadalcanal, cette fois en compagnie de l'USS ATLANTA (CL-51), le vaisseau amiral du contre-amiral Norman Scott. (Commandant, Task Group (TG) 64.4) et les destroyers Benham (DD-397), USS FLETCHER (DD-445) et USS LARDNER (DD-487). Arrivé au large de Lunga Point à 5 h 20 le 30 octobre 1942, le groupe opérationnel s'est levé et Atlanta a embarqué un officier de liaison du major-général Alexander A. Vandegrift, commandant de la première division de marine, 20 minutes plus tard.

En route vers sa zone désignée, le TG 64.4 a atteint sa destination en une heure et à 6 h 29, le navire amiral du contre-amiral Scott a ouvert le feu. L'USS AARON WARD (DD-483) a emboîté le pas peu de temps après, avant de cesser le feu à 08h40, il a dépensé 711 cartouches de 5 pouces. S'arrêtant brièvement pour enquêter sur un sous-marin signalé dans les environs, AARON WARD (DD-483) a ensuite dégagé la zone peu avant 0900, sa mission terminée.

L'USS AARON WARD (DD-483) a blindé les transports déchargeant des hommes et du matériel au large de Guadalcanal les 11 et 12 novembre 1942, réclamant un avion ennemi et endommageant deux autres le premier jour et deux autres avions au large de Lunga Point le second.

À 18 h 30 le 12 novembre 1942, l'USS AARON WARD (DD-483) se retire avec sa force opérationnelle en direction de l'est. Plus tard encore, la force -- cinq croiseurs et huit destroyers, sous le commandement du contre-amiral Daniel J. Callaghan -- a inversé le cap et a reculé dans le canal de Lengo. Vers 01h30 le 13 novembre 1942, les navires américains qui possédaient un radar capturèrent de nombreux contacts sur leurs écrans, la "Volunteer Attack Force" sous le contre-amiral Abe Hiroaki, qui se composait de deux cuirassés, d'un croiseur léger et de 14 destroyers.

L'USS AARON WARD (DD-483), à la tête des quatre destroyers qui fermaient l'arrière de la colonne Callaghan, s'est positionné sur les navires japonais avec son radar FD à 01h45, ouvrant le feu peu de temps après sur une cible qu'elle a prise pour être un cuirassé. Peu de temps après, après que le navire ait tiré environ 10 salves, il a vu que les croiseurs devant lui avaient apparemment changé de cap en s'arrêtant et en reculant les deux moteurs à 01 h 55, AARON WARD (DD-483) a observé deux torpilles passer sous lui.

Un instant plus tard, l'USS BARTON (DD-599), à proximité, a explosé (elle avait été torpillée par le destroyer AMATSUKAZE) peu avant que l'USS AARON WARD (DD-483), avec les eaux claires devant elle, ne reparte en avant. Elle s'est préparée à tirer des torpilles sur une cible à bâbord, mais ne l'a pas fait parce qu'elle a aperçu un navire qu'elle a pris pour être l'USS SAN FRANCISCO (CA-38) à 1 500 mètres. À 02h04, observant ce qu'elle a pris pour être l'USS STERETT (DD-407) se dirigeant directement vers son côté bâbord, AARON WARD (DD-483) est allé de l'avant, vitesse de flanc, et a mis son gouvernail sur hard-a-bâbord pour éviter une collision .

Peu de temps après, l'USS AARON WARD (DD-483) a commencé à tirer sur un navire ennemi et a lancé quelque 25 salves dans sa direction. Changeant de cap pour s'attaquer à une nouvelle cible dans la mêlée, AARON WARD (DD-483) a réussi à tirer quatre salves sur le contrôle du directeur jusqu'à ce qu'un obus japonais mette le directeur hors de combat et oblige les artilleurs du destroyer à s'appuyer sur le contrôle local. .

Dans les minutes qui ont suivi, l'USS AARON WARD (DD-483) a reçu huit autres coups directs incapables d'identifier l'ami de l'ennemi et certain que l'ennemi avait sûrement établi son caractère américain, le destroyer s'est alors démarqué pour dégager la zone. AARON WARD (DD-483) a perdu le contrôle de la direction à 02 h 25 et, en dirigeant ses moteurs, a tenté de virer à droite. Ne voyant plus aucun tir après 02h30, lorsque la bataille a apparemment pris fin, AARON WARD (DD-483) est mort dans l'eau à 02h35, sa salle des machines avant inondée d'eau salée et son eau d'alimentation disparue.

En utilisant une pompe à essence, cependant, l'équipage de l'USS AARON WARD (DD-483) a réussi à pomper de l'eau salée dans les réservoirs et à allumer les chaudières. À 05h00, l'USS AARON WARD (DD-483) avance lentement, à destination de Sea Lark Channel dix minutes plus tard, les vedettes lance-torpilles américaines se ferment et le destroyer leur fait signe de demander à Tulagi un remorqueur. Elle a maintenu son rythme rampant pendant seulement une demi-heure, cependant, quand elle est de nouveau morte dans l'eau.

Trente minutes après avoir ralenti jusqu'à l'arrêt, l'USS AARON WARD (DD-483) aperçoit une vue importune : un cuirassé japonais, le HIEI, tournant lentement en rond entre Savo et les îles de Floride. Également à proximité, plus près de Guadalcanal, se trouvaient l'USS ATLANTA, l'USS PORTLAND (CA-33), l'USS CUSHING (DD-376) et l'USS MONSSEN (DD-436), tous endommagés, et les destroyers tous deux en feu. La présence du destroyer japonais YUDACHI dans les environs s'avéra être sa propre perte : l'USS PORTLAND le coula sommairement peu de temps après.

L'USS AARON WARD (DD-483), peut-être incité à le faire avec plus d'urgence en raison de la proximité de HIEI, a démarré à 6 h 18 et, deux minutes plus tard, a accueilli le vieux remorqueur (ex-démineur) BOBOLINK (ATO-131), qui était arrivé pour prendre le destroyer en remorque. Avant que la ligne ne puisse être gréée, cependant, HIEI a repéré AARON WARD (DD-483) et a ouvert le feu avec ses canons lourds. Quatre salves de deux canons ont tonné depuis HIEI, dont la troisième chevauchait le paralysé AARON WARD (DD-483). Heureusement, des avions envoyés de Henderson Field ont commencé à travailler au-dessus de HIEI et ont distrait son attention juste à temps.

Perdant à nouveau de la puissance à 6 h 35, AARON WARD (DD-483) a été pris en remorque par BOBOLINK, et les navires ont commencé à se déplacer vers la sécurité. Le remorqueur a remis le remorquage à un bateau de patrouille de district (YP) à 6 h 50, et le destroyer a jeté l'ancre dans le port de Tulagi près de l'île de Makambo à 8 h 30. Les neuf coups directs qu'il avait reçus ont fait 15 morts et 57 blessés. Après avoir reçu des réparations temporaires localement, AARON WARD (DD-483) a navigué pour Hawaï peu de temps après, atteignant Pearl Harbor le 20 décembre 1942 pour des réparations permanentes.

AARON WARD (DD-483) a rejoint la flotte le 6 février 1943 et a rapidement repris le travail d'escorte. Au cours d'un passage avec un petit convoi le 20 mars 1943, elle a aidé à repousser les avions japonais attaquants. Peu de temps après, le 7 avril 1943, il avait escorté le transport à grande vitesse Ward (APD-16) et trois péniches de débarquement de chars (LCT) des îles Russell à Savo. Ne s'attendant pas à arriver avant 14h00, l'USS AARON WARD (DD-483) a avancé à 25 nœuds pour fournir à Ward et aux trois LCT une couverture aérienne jusqu'à ce qu'ils atteignent Tulagi. Vers midi, cependant, le destroyer a reçu la notification d'un raid aérien imminent à Guadalcanal.

Alors que les navires approchaient de leur destination, l'AARON WARD (DD-483) a reçu l'ordre vers 13 h 30 de quitter son convoi pour couvrir le LST-449 au large de Togoma Point, Guadalcanal. Rejoignant le navire de débarquement des chars à 14 h 19, AARON WARD (DD-483) lui a ordonné de suivre ses mouvements et de zigzaguer à l'approche des avions ennemis. Alors que le LST manœuvrait pour se conformer aux mouvements d'AARON WARD (DD-483), le capitaine de ce dernier prévoyait de se retirer vers l'est par le canal de Lengo, comme le faisaient d'autres cargos et navires d'escorte à la réception de l'avertissement de raid aérien de Guadalcanal.

Apercevant un combat aérien au-dessus de l'île de Savo, l'USS AARON WARD (DD-483) a suivi un groupe plus rapproché d'avions japonais se dirigeant vers le sud au-dessus de Tulagi tout en se balançant sur tribord, le navire a soudainement aperçu trois avions ennemis sortant du soleil. L'USS AARON WARD (DD-483) a ouvert le feu avec ses canons de 20 et 40 millimètres, suivi peu après par sa batterie de 5 pouces. Les bombes des trois premiers avions ont frappé sur ou à proximité du navire, et l'effet minier des quasi-accidents s'est avéré dévastateur. le second a frappé à la maison dans la salle des machines, causant une perte de toute l'alimentation électrique sur les supports de 5 pouces et 40 millimètres. Passant au contrôle local, cependant, les artilleurs ont maintenu le feu. Une troisième bombe a éclaboussé près à bord, trouant son côté bâbord, près de la salle des machines arrière. Ayant perdu la puissance de son gouvernail, AARON WARD (DD-483) a continué à se balancer vers la gauche alors qu'un autre trio de bombardiers en piqué larguait leurs charges sur le destroyer désormais impuissant. Alors qu'aucune de ces bombes n'a touché le navire, deux ont atterri très près de son côté bâbord. Vingt destroyers étaient morts 59 avaient été blessés sept étaient portés disparus.

Malgré les meilleurs efforts de son équipage déterminé et l'assistance du navire de sauvetage sous-marin USS ORTOLAN (ASR-5) et du remorqueur USS VIREO (ATO-144), cependant, l'USS AARON WARD (DD-483) s'est installé plus bas dans l'eau. Lorsqu'il est devenu évident que la bataille pour sauver AARON WARD (DD-483) était en train d'être perdue, l'USS ORTOLAN et l'USS VIREO ont tenté de l'échouer sur un banc près de Tinete Point. À 21 h 35, cependant, l'USS AARON WARD (DD-483) a coulé, la poupe en premier, dans 40 brasses d'eau, à seulement 600 mètres des hauts-fonds.

L'USS AARON WARD (DD-483) a reçu quatre étoiles de bataille pour son service pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale.


Si une personne est en dérogation avant l'admission à la NF et subit un séjour de moins de 30 jours, la CFR/nation tribale doit fermer les lignes de service, mais dans certaines circonstances, elle peut laisser la portée de la dérogation ouverte. Pour plus d'informations, consultez CBSM – Sorties de dérogation temporaire : actions MMIS.

Lorsque la personne subit un séjour NF de plus de 30 jours, la nation tribale CFR doit fermer la renonciation. Le CFR/nation tribale doit s'assurer que la date d'exemption est identique ou antérieure à la date d'admission de la NF dans le MMIS. La personne a besoin d'une nouvelle évaluation MnCHOICES en personne pour retourner dans la communauté.


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